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Kinshasa City, the capital of the Democratic Republic of Congo, is a case of an aborted urban development. Natural phenomena combined with political instability, collapse of state, and civil strife blurred further the inherited infantile urban character of colonial times to yield an urban morphogenetic crisis. In this article, we use surface and subsurface geological data in the form of several geological and hydrogeological maps, groundwater contour maps, geotechnical isopach and isohypse maps, and other illustrations that aid in the recognition of problems of pollution, accelerated erosion, and floods to highlight the geological constraints on sustainable urban planning, socio-urban setting, and human well being in this African megacity.
Abdul Sahib A. Lateef is a Quaternary and environmental geologist. He received his M.Sc. and Ph.D. from the Free University of Brussels (VUB), Belgium. During a career of more than 35 years, he worked in many countries in the Middle East and Africa. His current activities are related to Quaternary environments, climatostratigraphy, and urban geology.
Max Fernandez-Alonso is a senior geologist and staff member in the Royal Museum for Central Africa since 1987. He obtained his Ph.D. from Gent State University. His main domain of activity is in the fields of geological application of optical remote sensing, Geographic Information System, and geoinformation. He is involved in numerous projects and training programs for African countries.
Luc Tack was a senior geologist in the Royal Museum for Central Africa and currently in retirement. He received his doctorate from Gent University, Belgium. He was active on various issues of regional geology and geodynamics of Africa. He studied African cratons, mobile belts, and the Pan-African orogeny and worked on regional and interregional correlation of foreland basins.
Damien Delvaux is a structural geologist working for the Royal Museum for Central Africa since 1989. He received his Ph.D. in petroleum geology at the University of Louvain-la-Neuve (UCL), Belgium, with a dissertation on the oil potential of the Bas-Congo-Angola passive margin. His research interest focuses on intracontinental tectonic deformation, stress field, rifting, and active tectonics.